The fantastic Archaeological museum of Bijapur, set in the Golgumbaz lawns has an excellent collection of artefacts such as china crockery, Persian carpets, armours, weapons and scrolls dating back to Bijapur’s heydays. The Archaeological museum in Bijapur is one of the earliest site museums established in India. From the point of view of collection and variety, it holds the pride of being the first in Karnataka and probably second in India next to Salar Jung Museum in Hyderabad to showcase the Islamic heritage in all aspects.
Bijapur being a chiefly Muslim society possesses a number of religious monuments of Hindu worship. Other than the monuments and tombs, the most adorable architectural constructions are the various Hindu temples in Bijapur. A notable significance is the fact that all the temples in Bijapur are remarkably constructed and divine with intricate carvings and pillars. Some of the most noted temples are Shri Prasanna Ganesh Temple, Gajanan Temple and Basanta Vana.
Historical monuments in Bijapur are mainly the ruins expressing the glory of dynasties who ruled in past centuries. But some monuments remind us about the cruel behaviour and blind beliefs of some ancient rulers. The Saat Kabar in Bijapur, Karnataka is also one of such monuments. The monument, which is in ruins today hosts the graves of 60 ladies brutally killed by their husband Afzal Khan, the brave army chief of Ali Adil Shah II. Although the graves do not have any architectural attractions, the heart-rending story and mysteries behind it make it a tourists’ spot worth seeing.
The Golgumbaz is one of the most magnificent structures built by the Adil Shahi rulers and therefore counts one among the major tourists’ attractions of Karnataka. The structure and the architecture of the mausoleum make it opt for the name ‘Gol Gumbaz,’ which means ‘Round Dome.’ With an area of 1700 square metres, it is the largest single chamber structures of the world followed by Pantheon of Rome and the second largest dome in the world, next to St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome.
Basavakalyan in Bidar, Karnataka has the possibility to rank topmost in the list of history lovers. The town full of temples, tombs and mandapas marvellously display the affinity of Kalyani Chalukyas towards architecture. There are nearly 100 monuments of the period, scattered all over the Deccan, enlighten the artistic excellence attained by later Kalyani Chalukyas. The world’s tallest statue of Basavanna and Anubhava Mandapa are the most admired tourists spot.
History, Heritage and culture all combine to form Bijapur as the ‘Citadel City of Karnataka.’ If you like exploring monuments, then Bijapur is the right place for you. The city being rich in historical monuments offers its tourists’ many countless places of interest, with most of them related to Islamic Style of architecture. The city mainly consists of three parts namely citadel, Fort and the remains of the city. Innumerable tombs, caravanserais, mosques and other edifices give strong evidence of splendid history of Bijapur. The numerous attractions and tourism in Bijapur make it the ‘Agra of the South.’
Though Karnataka is known for its breath-taking beaches, jungles and waterfalls, its real treasure is their well- preserved ancient historical monuments in Bijapur. Bijapur is a city, witness of the history, wars and architectural revolution from the period of Chalukyas to Marathas. Other than the world renowned Golgumbaz and Ibrahim Rauza, the notable ones are Jod Gumbaz, the citadel, Sangeetha Mahal, Asar Mahal and Mehtar Mahal.
Someshwara Wildlife Sanctuary is a home to diverse species of plants, reptiles, birds and animals. Animals from the majestic tiger to the common langur are found here. The most precious and rare medicinal plants like Machilus Macrantha, Lophopetalum wightanium and Artocarpus hirsute. The adventurous sports and activities make it a perfect spot for a lovely retreat from the bustling work life.
Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary is a group of small islands formed by the River Cauvery. The sanctuary is the habitat of numerous birds. The river homes 70-75 crocodiles. The boat ride is a must for a closer view of the birds that flock together and bring out an indescribable beauty. The sanctuary attracts hundreds of tourists all through the year because of its amazing preservation of birds and crocodiles.
Ranebennur Blackbuck Sanctuary is in the Haveri district, Karnataka. It is the home of the famous blackbuck, wolf, fox, the great Indian bustard and other plants. It is a suitable place to unwind and be captured by the beauty of wildlife. Its lush greenery and abundant wildlife attract many tourists from different corners of the nation. It is the right place for bird watchers and wildlife enthusiasts.